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Sturge Weber syndrome

Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurological disorder indicated at birth by a port-wine stain birthmark on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the face. The birthmark can vary in color from light pink to deep purple and is caused by an overabundance of capillaries around the trigeminal nerve just beneath the surface of the face Sturge-Weber syndrome, sometimes referred to as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare congenital neurological and skin disorder. It is one of the phakomatoses and is often associated with port-wine stains of the face, glaucoma , seizures , intellectual disability , and ipsilateral leptomeningeal angioma (cerebral malformations and tumors) Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare disorder characterized by the association of a facial birthmark called a port-wine birthmark, neurological abnormalities, and eye abnormalities such as glaucoma Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), sometimes called encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare congenital disorder. It is a neurocutaneous disease and commonly associated with facial port-wine stains (PWS) involving the trigeminal nerve, ipsilateral occipital leptomeningeal angiomata, glaucoma, and ophthalmic vascular malformations Sturge-Weber syndrome, or encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a phakomatosis characterized by facial port wine stains and pial angiomas. It is part of a wide spectrum of possible phenotypes included in the craniofacial arteriovenous metameric syndrome (CAMS)

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also called encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a neurocutaneous disorder with angiomas that involve the leptomeninges (leptomeningeal angiomas [LAs]) and the skin of.. What is Sturge-Weber syndrome? Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurological disorder marked by a distinctive port-wine stain on the forehead, scalp, or around the eye. This stain is a birthmark.. The cutaneous findings associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) are characterized by a port-wine stain at the site of the first branching of the trigeminal nerve. Recently, a new vascular classification for the port-wine stain is proposed in association with SWS

Sturge-Weber Syndrome Information Page National

  1. The Sturge-Weber Foundation (The SWF) global mission is to improve the quality of life and care for people with Sturge-Weber syndrome and associated Port-Wine Birthmark conditions through tenacious collaboration with clinical partners and pioneers, education, advocacy, research and friendly support. Learn more and get involved
  2. al angiomatosis) is a congenital, non-familial disorder caused by the GNAQ gene mutation. It is characterized by a congenital facial birthmark and neurological abnormalities
  3. Sturge-Weber syndrome is caused by a somatic mosaic mutation of the GNAQ gene on chromosome 9. This means that the mutation in the gene has occurred in the body cells after the formation of the zygote. GNAQ regulates intracellular signalling pathways
  4. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a condition that affects the development of certain blood vessels, causing abnormalities in the brain, skin, and eyes from birth
  5. al angiomatosis, is a rare congenital neurological and skin disorder, non- familial disorder of unknown incidence and cause. It is characterized by a congenital facial birthmark and neurological abnormalities. Other symptoms associated with Sturge.
  6. ation and MRI suggested a diagnosis of the Sturge-Weber syndrome

Sturge-Weber syndrome is characterized by an intracranial vascular anomaly, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, most often involving the occipital and posterior parietal lobes. The most common symptoms and signs are facial cutaneous vascular malformations (port-wine stains), seizures, and glaucoma Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder that presents with a facial capillary malformation (port wine birthmark), abnormal blood vessels on the surface of the brain (leptomeningeal angioma), and glaucoma The Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare condition, also known as encephalo- trigeminal angiomatosis, characterized by some or all of the following symptoms: a face birthmark called port wine stain varying in size, diameter, distribution, and depth from one individual to another and even within the same person in different affected area Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare disorder that is present at birth. A child with this condition will have a port-wine stain birthmark (usually on the face) and may have nervous system problems

Sturge-Weber Syndrome - YouTube

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by facial capillary malformation (port wine stain) and associated capillary-venous malformations affecting the brain and eye What Is Sturge-Weber Syndrome? Sturge-Weber syndrome is a problem with the way blood vessels grow in the skin, eyes, and brain. Blood vessels grow too much and form growths called angiomas: An angioma (an-jee-OH-muh) in the skin is a birthmark called a port-wine stain. Babies with Sturge-Weber are born with port-wine birthmarks on their face or scalp Sturge-Webers syndrom tillhör gruppen neurokutana sjukdomar, vilket innebär att den påverkar nervsystemet och huden. Orsaken är att blodkärl från den tidiga fosterutvecklingen inte har tillbakabildats som de skulle utan ger upphov till en kärlmissbildning i ansiktet, på hjärnytan och i ögat samt grön starr (glaukom) Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital disease which affects the brain, the skin and the eyes. It is a sporadically occurring neurocutaneous syndrome affecting the intracerebral veins (venous angiomatosis). The frequency is estimated to be 1 in 50,000 births [1]. The main symptom is intrac Sturge Weber UK is a voluntary support group for families and adults affected by Sturge Weber syndrome, a rare neurological disorder. A registered charity, it was launched in 1990 as a independent group by the disability support organisation Contact a Family

neurocutanous disease ---Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurological disorder marked by a distinctive port-wine stain on the forehead, scalp, or around the.. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome, usually sporadic in nature, which is a result of occlusion/stasis of the persistent fetal vasculature resulting in cortical anoxia. 1 It is characterised by facial port-wine stain, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, congenital glaucoma, intractable epilepsy and progressive mental retardation. 1 2 These classical brain parenchymal changes. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a sporadic congenital neurocutaneous disorder caused by a somatic activating mutation in GNAQ; it affects 1 in every 20,000 to 50,000 newborns. It is characterized by a facial Port-wine stain, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, and glaucoma. Seizures are the most common neurologic

Sturge-Weber syndrome - Wikipedi

  1. Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a congenital disease (present at birth). There is no known cause or cure for the disease. Not all cases of SWS are identical and symptoms and their severity can vary. A Port Wine Stain (PWS) on the face is usually visible at birth. The PWS most often covers the forehead and eyelid, but can include a larger portion.
  2. Glaucoma is the most serious eye problem associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome. About 50% of children with Sturge-Weber develop glaucoma between infancy and late childhood. Signs of glaucoma may include an enlarged eye, a cloudy appearing eye, light sensitivity, or excessive tearing. If the optic nerve or visual areas of the brain are involved.
  3. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a very rare condition. It probably occurs in 1 in 20,000 to 1 in 50,000 live births. Sturge-Weber Syndrome comprises a birthmark (called a 'port wine' stain), usually on one side of the face and an abnormality of the brain
  4. al angiomatosis, is a rare neurocutaneous phakomatosis, characterized by capillary-venous malformations involving skin and brain that may be associated with other types of brain malformation and epilepsy (Fig. 51.12).SWS classically presents with: unilateral (less frequently, bilateral) facial nevus, with a port-wine patch appearance.

Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a sporadic neurocutaneous disorder that affects the meninges (most often the pia mater and acrachnoid mater) of the brain and the skin of the face. Involvement is normally unilateral, but may be bilateral Sturge-Weber syndrome is a congenital vascular disorder characterized by a facial port-wine nevus, a leptomeningeal angioma, and neurologic complications (eg, seizures, focal neurologic deficits, intellectual disability). Diagnosis is clinical. Treatment is symptomatic. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurocutaneous syndrome that occurs in 1 in. Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a congenital neuro-oculocutaneous syndrome that presents at birth. SWS was first reported by Dr. Schirmer in 1860 with later descriptions by Dr. Sturge in 1897 and Dr. Weber in 1922. It is characterized as a part of the neuroectodermal dysplasias, also known as phakomatoses Download PDF. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) belongs to a group of disorders known as phakomatoses. These disorders are characterized by hamartomas, which are congenital tumors arising from tissue that is normally found at the involved site. Unlike other phakomatoses, SWS has no hereditary pattern and is caused by a somatic mutation in the GNAQ.

Unilateral arcus lipoides corneae with contralateral

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), which is also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a congenital disorder caused by the persistence of the transitory primordial sinusoidal plexus stage of vessel development.SWS is usually sporadic and characterized by a vascular malformation, with capillary or venous malformation, or both, that involves the face, choroid of the eye, and leptomeninges Syndrome de Sturge-Weber. Le syndrome de Sturge-Weber est une maladie vasculaire congénitale caractérisée par un angiome plan du visage de couleur lie de vin, un angiome leptoméningé et des complications neurologiques (p. ex., épilepsie, déficits neurologiques focaux, handicap intellectuel). Le diagnostic est clinique Objective: To discuss the indications and timing for resective surgery in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) and medication-resistant epilepsy. Background: SWS that causes epilepsy severe enough to merit surgery is rare. Because of the variable natural history of the disease, it is difficult to establish clear-cut indications for surgery and prospective studies are not feasible Syndrome de Sturge-Weber Définition Le syndrome de Sturge-Weber (SSW) est un trouble neurocutané congénital rare caractérisé par des malformations capillaires faciales et/ou cérébrales, et des malformations vasculaires ipsilatérales oculaires qui conduisent à des degrés variables d'anomalies oculaires et neurologiques Sturge-Weber Syndrome by John B. Bodensteiner, E. Steve Roach 180 pp., The Sturge-Weber Foundation, 2010, $65 Sturge-Weber

Sturge Weber Syndrome is a neurocutaneous condition characterized by facial port wine stain, seizures and other neurologic complications associated with angiomata of the leptomeninges, and glaucoma. It usually occurs sporadically although it occasionally is found in families. Males and females are equally affected Sturge-Weber syndrome is a phakomatoses that has no known hereditary pattern. Individuals with this congenital anomaly have angiomatous involvement of the meninges and brain (leptomeningeal angiodysplasia), which causes jacksonian seizures in 85% of patients, mental retardation in 60% of patients, and cerebrocortical atrophy. 1 Glaucoma has. Inclusion Criteria: Participants with Sturge-Weber syndrome brain involvement as defined on neuroimaging (n=10 subjects, male and female, ages 3 to 50 years of age) and the following: Cognitive impairment defined as a cognitive neuroscore greater than or equal to 2 at screening Sturge-Weber Syndrome. A 5-year-old male presents with an unprovoked convulsive episode that lead to right-sided hemiparesis. On physical exam, a port wine stain is appreciated, affecting the ophthalmic and maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve on the left side of the face. Head CT shows brain calcifications What is Sturge-Weber syndrome? Sturge-Weber syndrome causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in a child's face, brain or both areas. Most children with this syndrome are born with a mark (called a capillary malformation or port wine stain) on the skin of their face. How severe Sturge-Weber syndrome is varies from child to child, but it may cause seizures, vision problems or developmental delays

Sturge Weber Syndrome - NORD (National Organization for

Sturge Weber syndrome (also known as Sturge Weber disease or encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis) is a rare disorder present at birth. This disease is usually characterized by the presence of so called port wine stain birthmark on the face, eye and neurological abnormalities Photograph of a patient with Sturge-Weber syndrome; the facial hemangioma involves both upper eyelids. The patient also has glaucoma. Related. Medical management, hypertrichosis. Aug 12, 2021. Tight scleral flap sutures. Aug 12, 2021. Cornea verticillata. Aug 12, 2021. Ultrasound biomicroscopy imaging. Sturge-Weber syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a congenital thingy that is characterized by the triad:. Trigeminal distribution unilateral capillary malformations (flame nevus or port-wine stain).Leptomeningeal vascular malformations (angiomatosis). Results in intracranial calcifications What is Sturge Weber Syndrome? Sturge Weber Syndrome (SWS) is also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis. It is a rare condition typically recognized at birth with an estimated incidence of 1:50,000. It affects males and females equally. SWS can be classified into three different types: Type 1 (most common type) is characterized by port-wine stain, cerebral malformation (leptomeningeal.

Sturge-Weber Syndrome - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Defining Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a form of neurological disorder that is indicated at the time of a person's birth by seizure activity as well as a large port-wine stain birthmark on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the person's face. The birthmark may vary in color from deep purple to light pink and is caused by an over-abundance of capillaries around the. Aiden Waters is fortunate to be living in the 21st century when a surgical option exists for treating Sturge-Weber Syndrome. This rare congenital condition. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a problem with the way blood vessels grow in the skin, eyes, and brain. Blood vessels grow too much and form growths called angiomas: An angioma (an-jee-OH-muh) in the skin is a birthmark called a port-wine stain. Babies with Sturge-Weber are born with port-wine birthmarks on their face or scalp Sturge-Weber (STURJ-WEB-ur) syndrome is a rare disorder that is present at birth that causes facial birthmarks (port-wine stains) and other symptoms. More to Know. Sturge-Weber syndrome is caused by a random mutation in one of a baby's genes. Doctors don't know what causes the mutation, but it doesn't appear to run in families

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by facial capillary malformation (port wine stain) and associated capillary-venous malformations affecting the brain and eye. It is not a heritable disorder. Thus, recurrence is unlikely Sturge weber syndrome 1. Dr. Anurag S. Pikle, House-Physician, Dept. of Psychiatry 2. Introduction Encephalotrigeminal Angiomatosis. Congenital neuro-dermatological disorder. Non-familial. Named in Honour of British Physicians, Dr. William A. Sturge and Dr. Frederick P. Weber 3. Triad and types Broadly 3 types. Type I - Dermatoneurological Type. Sturge-Weber syndrome, sometimes referred to as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare congenital neurological and skin disorder. It is one of the phakomatoses and is often associated with port-wine stains of the face, glaucoma, seizures, intellectual disability, and ipsilateral leptomeningeal angioma (cerebral malformations and tumors). Sturge-Weber syndrome can be classified into.

Sturge-Weber syndrome, or encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a phacomatosis characterized by facial port wine stains and pial angiomas. CT findings: detects subcortical calcification at an earlier age than plain film and can also demonstrate.. Sturge Weber syndrome is a rare condition that involves a capillary malformation (port wine stain) and abnormalities of the brain and/or eye (glaucoma, a condition associated with damage to the optic nerve). Individuals with Sturge Weber syndrome often have a large capillary malformation on the forehead or upper eyelid. Children with facial. Introduction Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome the main clinical features of which are facial, mostly unilateral nevi, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, and congenital glaucoma. The interest of this syndrome for pediatric neurosurgeons is mainly related to the association of SWS with epilepsy in 75-90% of the cases. Seizures are resistant to medical treatment in. Sturge-Weber Syndrome is a set of related attributes caused by a sporadic genetic mutation (non-hereditary) and typically characterized by the eye condition known as glaucoma as well as a port-wine stain (pinkish or reddish birthmark) on one side of the face (usually covering at least one eyelid and forehead), seizures occurring by the time the Continue Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Study of 55 Patients - Volume 35 Issue 3. Results: Epilepsy, hemiparesis, mental retardation and ocular problems were the most frequent and severe features of patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome in this series

Sturge-Weber syndrome is a congenital neurocutaneous disorder named after William Sturge and Frederick Weber, the first physicians to describe it.. Neurocutaneous because it affects the brain and the skin. In fact, Sturge-Weber syndrome is also called encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis; encephalo- refers to the brain, trigeminal refers to the trigeminal or fifth cranial nerve, and angiomatosis. Sturge-Weber syndrome: [ sterj´web´er ] a congenital syndrome of nevus flammeus of the face (commonly called port-wine stains ); angiomas of the choroid and leptomeninges , leading to anoxia; late glaucoma ; and often intracranial calcification, mental retardation, and epilepsy may also develop Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare disease where abnormal blood vessels in the brain, skin and eye can cause seizures, paralysis, strokes, migraines, learning problems, vision loss, and other health issues

Disease - Sturge-Weber syndrome ))) Map to A syndrome characterized by an intracranial vascular anomaly, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, most often involving the occipital and posterior parietal lobes. The most common features are facial cutaneous vascular malformations (port-wine stains), seizures, and glaucoma.. Los niños con síndrome de Sturge-Weber se deben someter a revisiones regulares para asegurarse de que están aprendiendo, hablando y jugando según lo que es esperable para su edad. Detectar pronto los problemas ayuda a los niños a ganar habilidades y a desenvolverse bien Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurological disorder indicated at birth by a port-wine stain birthmark on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the face. The birthmark can vary in color from light pink to deep purple and is caused by an overabundance of capillaries around the trigeminal nerve just beneath the surface of the face. Sturge-Weber syndrome is also accompanied by abnormal blood.

Sturge-Weber syndrome Radiology Reference Article

Sturge Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalo-trigeminal angiomatosis, is a type of neurocutaneous disorder characterized by the triad of features, i.e. port-wine facial birthmark (PWB), leptomeningeal angiomatosis, and glaucoma. It is a rare sporadic disease occurring due to somatic mutation in the GNAQ gene on chromosome 9 Angelina's Dreams - Raising Awareness for Sturge-Weber Syndrome. 959 likes. This page has been created to raise awareness of Sturge-Weber Syndrome and all fundraising events,links and ways to donate.. Sturge-Weber Syndrome List of authors. Shivang Desai, M.D., and Charles Glasier, M.D. A 6-year-old girl was brought to the emergency department with sudden onset of weakness in the left arm and. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a congenital (present at birth) neurological disorder that causes a distinctive port-wine stain on the forehead, scalp or around the eye. The stain associated with this condition is a birthmark caused by a mass of capillaries (tiny blood vessels) on the brain and near the surface of the skin

Video: Sturge-Weber Syndrome: Practice Essentials, Background

Sturge-weber syndrome is a type of neurocutaneous syndrome/ neurooculo cutaneous/ phakomatoses that is characterized by facial capillary Port Wine stain, leptomeningealangioma and glaucoma with a. Endocrine problems occur with increased frequency and must be treated when they are present. The recent discovery of the somatic mutation causing Sturge-Weber syndrome holds promise for new treatment options in the future. Original language. English (US) Pages (from-to) 607-617. Number of pages Synonyms: SWS, Sturge Weber syndrome, Encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, Fourth phacomatosis, Meningeal capillary angiomatosis, Leptomeningeal angiomatosis, Encephalofacial angiomatosis, SWS type I - Facial and leptomeningeal angiomas, SWS type II - Facial angioma alone, no CNS involvement, SWS type III - Isolated leptomeningeal angioma

Sturge-Weber Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosi

For Aim 1, the population will be subjects with Sturge-Weber Syndrome and diagnosed brain involvement. There will be a separate group made up of family members of those with Sturge-Weber syndrome brain involvement to have as a control for the urine portion of Aim 1 The Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalofacial angiomatosis, is a neurocutaneous disorder that occurs as a sporadic congenital condition; it is characterized by a port-wine stain (PWS) that affects the skin in the distribution of the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve and is associated with venous-capillary abnormalities. De oorzaak van het Sturge-Weber syndroom is een verandering in het GNAQ-gen. Dit gen ligt op chromosoom 9, op de lange (q) arm op positie 21.2 (9q21.2). Deze verandering ontstaat na de bevruchting in de eerste maanden van de zwangerschap. De verandering zit maar in een deel van de cellen; dat heet mozaïcisme

[Sturge-Weber Syndrome]

Herzlich willkommen. Herzlich willkommen auf der Seite der Interessengemeinschaft Sturge-Weber-Syndrom e.V. Schön, dass Sie den Weg zu uns gefunden haben! Auf unserer Homepage finden Sie eine umfassende Sammlung von Informationen und Links rund um das Thema Sturge-Weber-Syndrom Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare, congenital condition involving the brain, skin, and eye. SWS is primarily marked by a facial capillary malformation (port-wine birthmark) in the V1 distribution (forehead and/or eyelid) of the facial region. However, not all patients with SWS present with a port-wine birthmark, and some also experience. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare disorder that is present at birth. A child with this condition will have a port-wine stain birthmark (usually on the face) and may have nervous system problems. Causes. In many people, the cause of Sturge-Weber is due to a mutation of the GNAQ gene. This gene affects small blood vessels called capillaries Sturge-Weber syndrome involves an abnormal growth of small blood vessels. It is characterized by a port-wine birthmark on the face, overgrowth of blood vessels (angioma) in the tissues that cover the brain, or both. Sturge-Weber syndrome is caused by a mutation in a gene. This disorder can cause seizures, weakness, intellectual disability, and. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a vascular condition where a child is born with a port-wine birth mark and is found to also have abnormal blood vessels in their brain and in their eye. These abnormal blood vessels cause problems for that child, such as seizures, strokes, weakness and vision loss, and a range of intellectual challenges

The Sturge-Weber Foundation : Hom

The Sturge-Weber Foundation : New to SWF : Understanding

Choroidal effusion after diode laser cyclophotocoagulation

The Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) and Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) were included in the phakomatoses together with neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, and von Hippel-Lindau syndrome in 1937 . In support of this hypothesis, and based on histopathological observations, Hogan and Zimmerman [ 2 ] in 1962 suggested that the phakomatoses are. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare vascular disorder present at birth that is characterized by facial blood vessel malformation (port wine stain) and associated blood vessel malformations affecting the brain and eye. It is not a heritable disorder. The port-wine stain on the face is typically isolated to one half of the face and. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by a distinctive port-wine stain (PWS) on the forehead, or scalp. PWS is a birthmark caused by an overabundance of blood capillaries near the surface of the skin. Sturge-Weber syndrome is also associated with eye abnormalities such as glaucoma, and neurological abnormalities Sturge-Weber syndrome. The first, most obvious sign of Sturge-Weber syndrome, is a baby born with a facial birthmark. It usually will cover at least one eyelid and the forehead. The mark will vary in color and size. In rare cases, there is no port wine stain. Neurological problems are caused by excessive blood vessel growth on the surface of.

Sturge-Weber syndrome DermNet N

Sturge-Weber syndrome neurological and skin disorder associated with port-wine stains of the face, glaucoma, seizures, intellectual disability, and cerebral malformations Upload medi Weber's syndrome, also known as midbrain stroke syndrome or superior alternating hemiplegia, is a form of stroke that affects the medial portion of the midbrain. It involves oculomotor fascicles in the interpeduncular cisterns and cerebral peduncle so it characterizes the presence of an ipsilateral lower motor neuron type oculomotor nerve palsy and contralateral hemiparesis or hemiplegia In about 3% of people who have a port wine stain on the face, this same mutation causes Sturge-Weber syndrome, a condition that affects the brain. People with this syndrome have seizures and eye. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurological disordermarked by a distinctive port-wine stain on the forehead, scalp, or around the eye. This stain is a birthmark caused by an overabundance of capillaries near the surface of the skin. Blood vessels on the same side of the brain as the stain may also be affected Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) has been included in the group of phakomatoses that includes neurofibromatosis, Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, and von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. 1 SWS, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a condition that includes leptomemeningeal hemangioma, facial angiomatosis or nevus flammeus.

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